Spring 2017 Climate Digest


Overview

Globally, the average land and ocean surface temperature for March through May 2017 was the second highest since global temperature records began in 1880, coming in at 1.66°F (0.92°C) above the 20th century average, second to 2016 by a mere 0.15°C (0.27°F).

The most notable hot temperatures occurred over Asia, where temperature departures were 5.4°F (+3.0°C) or higher!

The United States had its’ eighth (8th) warmest and eleventh (11th) wettest spring on record.

The March through May average sea surface temperature was also the second warmest ever recorded.

Spring marks the beginning of tornado season, and 2017 was no exception. More than a dozen tornadoes touched down across five different states on March 6th. Tornado outbreaks in early and late April across the central and southern U.S. resulted in at least 8 people losing their lives. And a record-breaking tornado touched down in Wisconsin on May 16th when an EF-3 tornado stayed on the ground for 83 miles – over 6 times the length of the island of Manhattan.

The quarterly climate digest, produced seasonally, consists of a short movie (2:54 minutes) made for SOS and an MP4 video accessible through YouTube.

You can download the SOS content from this FTP Site.

Content includes:

  • Global 3-month land temperatures
  • 3-month Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies
  • Seasonal tornado highlights

References:

  • https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201705
  • https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/201705
  • https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/201704
  • https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/201703
  • http://www.weather.gov/mpx/May_16th_Wisconsin_Tornado_Upgraded_to_EF3
Credits:
EarthNow Team
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Leigh Orf tornado simulation graphics

Monthly state of the climate reports are available from NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Climate Global Analysis and National Overview at https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/

 

Category: Uncategorized

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Ten year dataset of Tropospheric Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)

This dataset shows high-resolution (0.1×0.1 degree) monthly mean Tropospheric NO2 values acquired by Ozone Monitoring Instruments (OMI) on the NASA Aura satellite from 2006 to 2016. Nitrogen dioxide is a gaseous air pollutant produced by vehicle emissions and other fossil fuel combustion processes such as coal-fired electrical plants or biomass burning. Globally, the greatest NO2 emissions are from industrial areas and high-population urban centers. NASA measures and monitors NO2 because it contributes to the formation of other air pollutants, such as ozone.

You can download this 10-year dataset for SOS via this ftp link
(note – there is no audio)

You can also watch a preview on YouTube.

This 10-year animation compliments aerial data collected by the 2017 Lake Michigan Ozone Study (LMOS 2017) which commenced in May 2017 with flights along the shores of western Lake Michigan. The campaign provides extensive observational air quality and meteorology datasets through a combination of airborne, ship, mobile lab, and fixed ground-based observational platforms. The goal of the study is to better understand ozone formation and transport around Lake Michigan; in particular, why ozone concentrations are generally highest along the lakeshore and drop off sharply inland and why ozone concentrations sometimes peak in rural areas far from major emission sources.

LMOS 2017 measurements will provide critical observations for evaluating a new generation of air quality models attempting to better simulate ozone episodes in the region. Over the long term, the information collected is expected to result in:

  • Improved modeled ozone forecasts for this region, which states and EPA use to meet state and federal Clean Air Act
  • Better understanding of the lakeshore gradient in ozone concentrations
  • Improved knowledge of how emissions influence ozone formation in the region.

Learn more about the Lake Michigan Ozone Study from this NASA website.

Learn more about air quality in the Great Lakes Region from this video.

Category: Uncategorized

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Winter 2016-2017 Climate Digest


Overview

The December 2016 through February 2017 seasonal global temperature was 1.6 °Fahrenheit, or 0.89°Celsius above the 20th century average of 53.8°Fahrenheit – the second highest ever recorded – just slightly behind 2015/2016.

The United States had its’ sixth warmest and eighth wettest winter on record.

The December through February average sea surface temperature was also the second warmest ever recorded.

One of the top weather stories was drought “disappearing act” of the drought footprint across the United States, due largely to repeated atmospheric rivers directed at the west coast, and also, streaming north from the Gulf of Mexico over the southeast U.S.

Products

The quarterly climate digest, produced seasonally, consists of a short movie (3:02 minutes) made for SOS and an MP4 video accessible through YouTube.

You can download the SOS content from this FTP Site.

Content includes:

  • Global 3-month land temperatures
  • 3-month Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies
  • 3-month Total Precipitable Water (TPW)
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Climate Global Analysis and National Overview available at https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/

 

Category: Atmosphere, Climate, Climate Digest, Uncategorized

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