The December 2017–February 2018 average temperature across the global land and ocean surface was the fifth warmest since global records began in 1880. Looking at land only, the global land surface temperature was the seventh highest in the 1880–2018 record.
La Niña conditions were present across the tropical Pacific Ocean during the three-month period. The globally averaged ocean surface temperature was 0.99° Fahrenheit (0.55°C) above the 20th century average.
The United States was warmer and drier than normal over the winter months, resulting in low snowpack for western U.S. mountain ranges. California had its second driest winter on record. A prolonged period of warm and dry conditions combined with Santa Ana winds to fuel the largest wildfire in California’s modern recorded history. The Thomas Fire broke out in Ventura county in southern California on December 4th, and continued into the New Year, by the time it was contained on January 20th, it had burned 281,893 acres. To make matters worse, heavy rains on January 9th triggered debris flows in burn scar areas causing flash floods that claimed 21 lives in neighboring Santa Barbara County.
You can download the SOS content from this FTP Site.
– Global 3-month land temperatures
– 3-month Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies
– GOES-15 IR animation of the Tomas Fire on December 5th, 2017
– MODIS False color imagery of the Thomas Fire Burn Scar
Monthly state of the climate reports are available from NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Climate Global Analysis and National Overview at https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/