December Climate Digest

climatedigest

Overview

Each month, we will provide information regarding the previous month’s climate. December 2014’s average global land and ocean temperature was the warmest since records began, with December joining five other months in 2014 to set new monthly high temperature records and establishing 2014 as the warmest year on record.

 

Highlights Dataset

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: December 2014 Highlights

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2014 Highlights

 

This dataset shows some of the major December weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.

 

  • Australia: Observed their sixth warmest December in their 105-year record.
  • Russia: Warmer than average temperatures, especially in western and central Russia withe the warming in central Russia where temperatures departures were 5°C or higher.
  • Austria: December 2014 was on of the 15 warmest Decembers in the nation’s 247-year period of record.
  • Argentina: Central and northern parts of Argentina ecperienced wetter-than-average conditions during December. Certian locations recieved nearly double the monthly precipitation totals.
  • United States: December 2014 was the second warmest since records began. Every state in the Lower 48 was warmer than average with nine states in the West, Southern Plains, and North East ranking in the top ten warmest. Several winter storms brought heavy precipitation to the U.S. west Coast in December, putting a dent in California’s long-term precipitation deficits. According to the U.S. drought monitor, drought conditions improved in parts of the West and Southeast, but worsened in parts of the Southern Plains and Lower Mississippi Valley.
  • Alaska: Fifth warmest December was experienced since records began in 1918.
  • Typhoon Hagupit: Hagupit reached Super Typhoon strength(Category 5) on December 4th. and made landfall on the Philippines as a Category 3 storm. Heavy rainfall and strong winds associated with the massive slow moving storm affected thousands and caused several fatalities.

Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: December 2014 SST Anomaly

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2014 SST Anomaly

 

 

  • The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • The average December temperature for the global waters was the third highest for the month, at 1.36°C (2.45°F) above the 20th century average.
  • Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).

Snow and Ice Cover Dataset

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: December 2014 Snow and Ice Cover

Dataset: 20150121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2014 Snow and Ice Cover

 

 

  • Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
  • The Arctic sea ice extent for December 2014 was 4.1% below the 1981-2010 average, making it the ninth smallest December sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.
  • In Antarctica, the sea ice extent was 9.8% above the 1981-2010 average, the fourth largest on record for the month of December.

 

 

Seasonal Outlooks

Be sure to check out the 3-month seasonal outlooks for February – April.

  • Global Temperature Outlook
  • Global Precipitation Outlook
  • U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
      • First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
      • If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
      • Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
      • More detailed information here
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for August 2014, published online September 2014, retrieved on September 29, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.

 

Category: Uncategorized

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November Climate Digest

climatedigest

Overview

Each month, we will provide information regarding the previous month’s climate. November 2014’s average global land and ocean temperature tied with 2008 as the seventh warmest November on record.

Highlights Dataset

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: November 2014 Highlights

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: AUDIO November 2014 Highlights

 

This dataset shows some of the major November weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.

 

  • Europe: Multiple Countries experienced a top five warmest November. Austria and Switzerland had their warmest November yet: while Denmark had its 3rd warmest November and the United Kingdom had its 5th.
  • Spain: Reported its wettest November since 1997.
  • Morocco: Heavy rainfall during the 21st.-24th. of November. Severe flooding in southern Morocco.
  • United States: The contiguous U.S. had its coldest November since 2000 and its 16th coldest since records began in 1895. Lake-effect snow around Buffalo N.Y. accumulated to 127 cm or 4 ft. of snow within a 24-hr period. Some locations experienced as much as 170 cm or 5.5 ft. during the entire snowstorm.
  • Canada: Large accumulation of snow cover marked as the second largest snow extent for the month of November, just behind 2013. Contributing to the large snow cover was the colder than average temperatures during the month..
  • Alaska: 5th. warmest November was experienced since records began in 1918.
  • Australia: Warmest November on record.
  • South Africa: Above-average rainfall fell upon parts of the country. Some locations in the country received up to twice the monthly precipitation average totals.

Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: November 2014 SST Anomaly

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: AUDIO November SST Anomaly

 

  • The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • The average November temperature for the global waters was a record high for the month, at 0.63°C (1.13°F) above the 20th century average, a record high for the month of November.
  • Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).

Snow and Ice Cover Dataset

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: November 2014 Snow and Ice Cover

Dataset: 20141221 EarthNow: AUDIO November 2014 Snow and Ice Cover

 

  • Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
  • The Arctic sea ice extent for November 2014 was 5.7% below the 1981-2010 average, making it the ninth smallest November sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.
  • In Antarctica, the sea ice extent was 2% above the 1981-2010 average, the eighth largest on record for the month of November.

 

 

Seasonal Outlooks

Be sure to check out the 3-month seasonal outlooks for January – March.

  • Global Temperature Outlook
  • Global Precipitation Outlook
  • U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
      • First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
      • If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
      • Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
      • More detailed information here
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for August 2014, published online September 2014, retrieved on September 29, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.

 

Category: Uncategorized

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GOES R – A glimpse into the future of Weather Satellites

Overview

The first satellite of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites – R Series (GOES-R) is scheduled for launch in March 2016! There are many exciting improvements on the way and this short video introduces and demonstrates two of them:

Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI)
The GOES-R ABI will have 16 spectral bands, (compared to 5 on the current GOES Imager), resulting in three times more spectral information and four times the spatial resolution. The frequency of images, or temporal coverage, will be more than five times faster than the current GOES! This video shows 1 minute (super rapid scan) data from the GOES-14 satellite which emulates the improved temporal resolution planned for the ABI.

Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM)
The all new GLM on GOES-R will measure total lightning activity continuously over the Americas and adjacent ocean regions with near uniform spatial resolution of approximately 10 km! This video shows a simulation of this capability using the 1-minute imagery.

More information on GOES-R can be found at http://www.goes-r.gov/

Additional educational resources, including lesson plans developed by middle and high school science teachers, can be found at http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/education/goesr/

If the mp4 movie isn’t already in you SOS system in the EarthNow category, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.  Just download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sosrc or /home/sosrc.

Credits:
EarthNow Team
Category: Atmosphere, Earth Systems, Severe Weather

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