December 2015 Climate Digest

Overview

December 2015 was the warmest December on record with a combined average global land and ocean temperature of 2.00°F, or 1.11°C, above the 20th century average. This is  the highest departure among all months in the 136-year historical record.

December’s record warmth contributed to 2015 being Earth’s warmest year on record with 10 out of 12 months breaking previous temperature records.

Highlights Dataset

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: December 2015 Highlights

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2015 Highlights

 

This dataset shows some of the major December weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.

  • South America was record warm.
  • The United Kingdom, France and Germany experienced their warmest December ever. As a whole, Europe experienced its warmest December since 1910.
  • The United States was record warm and record wet. Iowa and Wisconsin had their wettest December ever. 29 states in the eastern U.S. had the warmest December on record

 

Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: December 2015 SST Anomaly

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2015 SST Anomaly

 

 

  • The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • According to NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, strong El Niño conditions have peaked and are expected to to weaken during spring 2016.
  • Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).

Snow and Ice Cover Dataset

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: December 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

Dataset: 20160121 EarthNow: AUDIO December 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

 

 

  • Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
  • The December 2015 sea ice extent for the Arctic was 6.0 percent below the 1981-2010 average. This was the fourth smallest December sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.
  • In Antarctica, the sea ice extent was near normal.

 

 

Seasonal Outlooks

Be sure to check out the 3-month seasonal outlooks for February-April.

  • Global Temperature Outlook
  • Global Precipitation Outlook
  • U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
      • First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
      • In addition to the normal files, there is now a “digest” section. This section in the file structure has all of the normal files compiled into one video.
      • If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
      • Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
      • More detailed information here
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for October 2015, published online November 2015, retrieved on November 21, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.

 

Category: Climate Digest

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November 2015 Climate Digest

climatedigest

Overview

Each month, we will provide information regarding the previous month’s climate. November 2015 was the  warmest November on record with a combined average global land and ocean temperature of 1.75°F, or 0.97°C, above the 20th century average and marked the seventh consecutive month that the monthly global temperature record has been broken.

Highlights Dataset

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: November 2015 Highlights

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: AUDIO November 2015 Highlights

 

This dataset shows some of the major November weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.

 

  • Hurricane Sandra: Lasted from November 23rd through 28th recording winds up to 143 Mph.
  • Cyclone Chapala: Lasted from October 28th – November 4th with winds up to 155 Mph.
  • Australia: 3rd warmest November on record.
  • Europe: Cooler than average temperatures.
  • South America: Cooler than normal temperatures, with several locations within Argentina experiencing record-breaking low temperatures.
  • United States: 4th warmest October on record with an average temperature of 57.4°F or 3.3° above the 20th century average. Rainfall was also above average for the contiguous United States with a series of storms, including the remnants of Hurricane Patricia, brought record rain and flooding to the Southern Plains and Lower Mississippi Valley.

 

Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: November 2015 SST Anomaly

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: AUDIO November 2015 SST Anomaly

 

 

  • The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • The global sea surface temperature for October 2015 was 1.51°F or 0.84°C, above the 20th century average. This resulted in the highest departure from normal for any November.
  • According to NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, strong El Niño conditions are expected to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter and is to transition to more neutral conditions during late spring to early summer 2016.
  • Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).

Snow and Ice Cover Dataset

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: November 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

Dataset: 20151221 EarthNow: AUDIO November 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

 

 

  • Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
  • The Arctic sea ice extent for November 2015 was 8.4% below the 1981-2010 average, making it the 6th smallest November sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.
  • In Antarctica, the sea ice extent was 1.2% above the 1981-2010 average, the 14th largest on record for the month of September.

 

 

Seasonal Outlooks

Be sure to check out the 3-month seasonal outlooks for January-March.

  • Global Temperature Outlook
  • Global Precipitation Outlook
  • U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
      • First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
      • In addition to the normal files, there is now a “digest” section. This section in the file structure has all of the normal files compiled into one video.
      • If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
      • Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
      • More detailed information here
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for October 2015, published online November 2015, retrieved on November 21, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.

 

Category: Climate Digest

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October 2015 Climate Digest

climatedigest

Overview

Each month, we will provide information regarding the previous month’s climate. October 2015 was the warmest October on record with a combined average global land and ocean temperature of 1.76°F, or 0.98°C, above the 20th century average. This marked the sixth consecutive month that the monthly global temperature record has been broken.

Highlights Dataset

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: October 2015 Highlights

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: AUDIO October 2015 Highlights

 

This dataset shows some of the major October weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.

 

  • Australia: Warmest October on record.
  • Africa: Warmest October on record.
  • Russia: Cooler than average temperatures.
  • South America: Cooler than normal temperatures, with several locations within Argentina experiencing record-breaking low temperatures.
  • United States: 4th warmest October on record with an average temperature of 57.4°F or 3.3° above the 20th century average. Rainfall was also above average for the contiguous United States with a series of storms, including the remnants of Hurricane Patricia, brought record rain and flooding to the Southern Plains and Lower Mississippi Valley.

 

Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: October 2015 SST Anomaly

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: AUDIO October 2015 SST Anomaly

 

 

  • The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • The global sea surface temperature for October 2015 was 1.53°F or 0.85°C, above the 20th century average. This resulted in the highest departure on record for the month of October.
  • According to NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, current strong El Niño conditions are expected to peak during the Northern Hemisphere winter before weakening during spring 2016.
  • Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).

Snow and Ice Cover Dataset

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: October 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

Dataset: 20151121 EarthNow: AUDIO October 2015 Snow and Ice Cover

 

 

  • Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
  • The Arctic sea ice extent for August 2015 was 13.4% below the 1981-2010 average, making it the 6th smallest October sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.
  • In Antarctica, the sea ice extent was 1.2% above the 1981-2010 average, the 14th largest on record for the month of September.

 

 

Seasonal Outlooks

Be sure to check out the 3-month seasonal outlooks for November-January.

  • Global Temperature Outlook
  • Global Precipitation Outlook
  • U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
      • First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
      • In addition to the normal files, there is now a “digest” section. This section in the file structure has all of the normal files compiled into one video.
      • If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
      • Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
      • More detailed information here
Helpful Resources for More Information
Credits:
EarthNow Team
NOAA
References:
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for October 2015, published online November 2015, retrieved on November 21, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.

 

Category: Climate Digest

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