Each month, we will provide information regarding the previous month’s climate. Overall, preliminary data indicates that May 2014 (land and ocean surfaces combined) was the warmest May since records began in 1880. The oceans accounted for most of the observed warmth with global sea surface temperatures being the highest ever recorded for the month of May.
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: May 2014 Highlights
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: AUDIO May 2014 Highlights
This dataset shows some of the major May weather and climate highlights from the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) monthly global climate analysis, and serves as an overview of what can be discussed in the datasets that follow. Highlights are noted below.
- United States: Drought continued to grip the West and the Southern Plains.
- Argentina: Above normal precipitation, especially central and north.
- Australia: Above average temperatures.
- Europe: Temperatures continued above average.
- Southern Africa: Much-warmer-than average temperatures.
Global Temperature Anomalies Dataset
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: May 2014 Temperature Anomaly
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: AUDIO May 2014 Temperature Anomaly
- Using the real-time Monthly Temperature Anomalies dataset is a great way to convey where some of the warmer and cooler than average areas were in May, including those mentioned above in the highlights.
- The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for May 2014 was the warmest on record.
Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies Dataset
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: May 2014 SST Anomaly
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: AUDIO May 2014 SST Anomaly
- The real-time sea surface temperature anomaly dataset is a great way to visualize the El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
- Remember blues indicate cooler than average temperatures and reds indicate warmer than average temperatures (white: average).
- Global water temperatures were the warmest ever recorded for the month of May.
- NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center indicates a 70% chance that El Niño conditions will develop this summer and an 80% during the fall or winter.
Snow and Ice Cover Dataset
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: May 2014 Snow and Ice Cover
Dataset: 20140625 EarthNow: AUDIO May 2014 Snow and Ice Cover
- Aside from helping to illustrate seasonal changes, the real-time Snow and Ice Cover dataset is a great way to convey sea ice change through time, including discussing how the current sea ice extent compares to other noteworthy years.
- The Arctic sea ice extent for May 2014 was the third smallest since satellite records began in 1979.
- In Antarctic, the sea ice extent was the largest on record for the month of May.
- Also be sure to check out the newest 3-month seasonal outlooks for July-September 2014.
- Global Temperature Outlook
- Global Precipitation Outlook
- U.S. Drought Outlook
Where do I find the datasets?
First, check your SOS system to make sure it’s not already in the EarthNow category.
If not, you can download the datasets and playlist files from this FTP Site.
Then download and use playlist files at the top of the page (or create your own) and make sure they are in /home/sos/sosrc or /home/sosdemo/sosrc.
Helpful Resources for More Information
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for May 2014, published online June 2014, retrieved on June 24, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/.